London Summer Accommodation. Motel Tadoussac. Plaza Hotel Washington.

London Summer Accommodation

london summer accommodation

  • in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality

  • A room, group of rooms, or building in which someone may live or stay

  • The available space for occupants in a building, vehicle, or vessel

  • a settlement of differences; "they reached an accommodation with Japan"

  • adjustment: making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

  • Lodging; room and board

  • The capital of the United Kingdom, in southeastern England on the Thames River; pop. 6,377,000. London, called Londinium, was settled as a river port and trading center shortly after the Roman invasion of ad 43 and has been a flourishing center since the Middle Ages.It is divided administratively into the City of London, which is the country's financial center, and 32 boroughs

  • An industrial city in southeastern Ontario, Canada, north of Lake Erie; pop. 303,165

  • the capital and largest city of England; located on the Thames in southeastern England; financial and industrial and cultural center

  • London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. It is the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures.

  • United States writer of novels based on experiences in the Klondike gold rush (1876-1916)

  • spend the summer; "We summered in Kashmir"

  • The warmest season of the year, in the northern hemisphere from June to August and in the southern hemisphere from December to February

  • Years, esp. of a person's age

  • the warmest season of the year; in the northern hemisphere it extends from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox; "they spent a lazy summer at the shore"

  • The period from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox

  • the period of finest development, happiness, or beauty; "the golden summer of his life"

Maunsell Forts

Maunsell Forts

The Maunsell Sea Forts were small fortified towers built in the Thames and Mersey estuaries during World War II to help defend the United Kingdom, named after their designer, Guy Maunsell. They were decommissioned in the late 1950s and later used for other activities. One became the Principality of Sealand; boats visit the remaining forts occasionally, and a consortium called Project Redsands is planning to conserve one at Redsand.

Maunsell sea forts, built in the Thames estuary and operated by the Royal Navy, were to deter and report German air raids following the Thames as a landmark, and attempts to lay mines by aircraft in this important shipping channel.
There were four naval forts:
Rough Sands (HM Fort Roughs) (U1)
Sunk Head (U2)
Tongue Sands (U3)
Knock John (U4)
The design was a concrete construction; a pontoon barge on which stood two cylindrical towers on top of which was the gun platform mounting two 3.75-inch guns and two 40 mm Bofors guns. They were laid down in dry dock and assembled as complete units. They were then fitted out — the crews going on board at the same time for familiarisation — before being towed out and sunk onto their sand bank positions in 1942.
The naval fort design was the latest of several that Maunsell had devised in response to Admiralty inquiries. Early ideas had considered forts in the English Channel able to take on enemy vessels.

Maunsell also designed forts for anti-aircraft defence. These were larger installations comprising seven interconnected steel platforms, five carried guns arranged in a semi-circle around the control centre and accommodation while the seventh, set further out than the gun towers, was the searchlight tower.
Three forts were placed in the Mersey and three in the Thames estuary:
Nore (U5),
Red Sands (U6)
Shivering Sands (U7).
Each of these AA forts carried four QF 3.75 inch guns and two Bofors 40 mm guns. During the war the forts shot down 22 aircraft and about 30 flying bombs. They were decommissioned by the MoD in the late 1950s.

Nore Army Fort was badly damaged in 1953 when the Norwegian ship Baalbeck collided with it, destroying two of the towers, killing four civilians and destroying guns, radar equipment and supplies. The ruins were considered a hazard to shipping and dismantled in 1959–60. Parts of the bases were towed ashore by the Cliffe fort at Alpha wharf near the village of Cliffe, where as of 2006 they remain easily seen.
One of the Shivering Sands towers was lost in 1963 after a ship collided with it. In 1964 the Port of London Authority placed wind and tide monitoring equipment on the Shivering Sands searchlight tower, which was isolated from the rest of the fort by the demolished tower. This relayed data to the mainland via a radio link.
Sunk Head was destroyed by the Royal Engineers in the late 1960s. Tongue Fort collapsed in a storm in 1996.
In August and September 2005, artist Stephen Turner spent six weeks living alone in the searchlight tower of the Shivering Sands Fort in what he described as "an artistic exploration of isolation, investigating how one's experience of time changes in isolation, and what creative contemplation means in a 21st-century context".

Various forts were re-occupied for pirate radio in the mid-1960s.
In 1964, a few months after Radio Caroline went on air, Screaming Lord Sutch set up Radio Sutch in one of the towers at Shivering Sands. Sutch soon became bored with the project and sold the station to his manager Reginald Calvert who renamed the station Radio City and expanded operations into all of the five towers that remained connected. Calvert's killing in a dispute over the station's ownership (found to be self-defence rather than murder) contributed to the Government passing legislation against the pirates in 1967.
During the pirate era the Port of London Authority frequently complained that its monitoring radio link was being disrupted by the nearby Radio City transmitter.
Red Sands was likewise occupied by Radio Invicta, later named KING Radio, before Ted Allbeury turned it into a professional-sounding easy listening station called Radio 390, after its wavelength of approximately 390 metres. The Danger Man episode "Not-so-Jolly Roger" was partly filmed at Redsands and includes an acknowledgement to Radio 390 in its closing credits.
The size of the Army forts made them ideal antenna platforms, since a large antenna could be based on the central tower and guyed from the surrounding towers.
A small group of radio enthusiasts set up Radio Tower on Sunk Head Naval fort, but the station was run on a shoestring, had very poor coverage and lasted only a few months. Claims by the company that they also intended to run a television service were never credible.
Paddy Roy Bates occupied the Knock John Naval fort and set up Radio Essex, later renamed BBMS — Britain's Better Music Station — but is better known for his post-pirate activities. He, or a representative, has lived in Roughs

Steve Prefontaine races in the 5000m event at White City Stadium, London, 13 August 1969

Steve Prefontaine races in the 5000m event at White City Stadium, London, 13 August 1969

The summer of 1969 saw Steve racing in his first international meets as an AAU team member. He had graduated from high school in the spring and qualified for the team by placing fourth in the AAU Championship 3-mile event on June 29th in Miami, Florida—the only high school runner in the race. He was picked up from the alternates list when Tracy Smith elected not to compete in with the US Team, and ran the 5000 meter events in Los Angeles (5th//US-USSR-Commonwealth meet), Stuttgart (3rd//US-Europe meet), Augsburg (2nd//US-W. Germany meet), and London (4th//US-Great Britain meet). His London race was his last before enrolling in the University of Oregon in the fall.

While Pre had a spectacular high school racing history, he was not yet a headliner in the international or collegiate running community. The big news for the London 5000m race was the slated competition between US runners Gerry Lindgren, formerly of Washington State University, Tracy Smith, formerly of Oregon State University (who dropped out of the tour, which meant Pre was added), and the British runners Ian Stewart and Dick Taylor. Pre had been slated for the 3000m event but was added to the 5000m race instead, running for Coos Bay, his high school hometown.

The US team performance was uninspiring, except for some top-rank sprinting by Ben Vaughn, a great high hurdle run by Willie Davenport, and excellent, though losing, intermediate hurdling by Ralph Mann and Nick Lee. The home crowd of 7500 the first day (a genrous estimate, and 10,000 the second day, had much to cheer about despite the essentially meaningless US team win 131-90.

The highlight of the meet was Brit Dick Taylor's win in the four-man field for the 5000m, featuring two Brits (Taylor and Ian Stewart, The latter would edge Pre out of a medal in the 5000m final of the 1972 Munich Olympics) and two Americans (Gerry Lindgern and Steve Prefontaine, the latter not yet enrolled at the University of Oregon).

Lindgren paced four laps in 4:17.0, cutting s fast pace as he had at Stuttgart before this meet. With seven laps to go, Taylor threw in a break with the intent of annihilating Lindgren--he was successful. Taylor put in fast laps of 62.8 and 61.6, and dropped Lindgren 20 yards back in a space of 250 yards. Even Ian Stewart, possibly Britain's brightest 5000m talent, found the going too much. Taylor had enough left to run a 61.6 last lap to the roar of the crowd. His finishing time broke a 4-year old British record set by Mike Wiggs by four seconds. Lindgren was spent and came in third, 47.8 seconds after Taylor. The unsung and largely unknown Pre was incidentally reported as finishing fourth, and last, 1:9.4 after the winner.

Dick Taylor went on to win the race, setting the fastest time of the year in the 5000m in 13:29.0 and a new British record:

Finishing times:

1. Dick Taylor (Britain) 13:29.0
2. Ian Stewart (Britain) 13:36.4
3. Gerry Lindgren (So. Lake Tahoe) 14:16.8
4. Pre (Coos Bay, OR) 14:38.4

Oregon athletes gained points with Neal Steinhauser winning the shot put in 64-3, and Kenny Moore placing second with 29:08.8 in the 10,000m behind the UK's Ron Hill and his 29:03.8. US athletes also won other events: the women's 100 meters by Iris Davis of Nashville, the Women's 400 meters by Kathy Hammond of Sacramento, the men's 200 meters by Ben Vaughn of Atlanta, the discus throw by Tim Volmer of Oregon State, and the high jump by Otis Burrell of Los Angeles. The US men won the meet 131-90, the women's title went to Britain 67-66.

Pre is wearing an AAU team singlet--Pre's combat against AAU treatment of athletes was to be a signature part of his running career in the future. This European tour would be his baptism. Most members of the US track team returned to the US carrying a letter of protest to President Nixon after a European tour full of dissension and some disappointment.

The trouble blew up in Germany where the athletes complained of poor accommodations. When the US athletes arrived in London they formed a committee which drew up the letter to Nixon, listing what they considered are essential changes which should be made in AAU policy. At one stage the athletes threatened to pull out of the London meet. They cabled a copy of the letter to the White House.

The info above was derived from the August 13 & 14, 1969 issues of the Eugene Register-Guard.

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